Bringing your new puppy home is such an exciting time, but are you ready? Puppies need care and a lot of attention. It's up to you to provide a safe environment. Check your house and buy your supplies before you bring your puppy home.
Here's a checklist to help you get started!
Schedule an appointment with your veterinarian for a day or so after you're scheduled to pick up your puppy.
Identify an emergency veterinarian as not all vets are available at night or on weekends.
If needed, find a reputable day care, puppy class and/or trainer.
Determine where the puppy will sleep, preferably in a crate to start.
Determine who will be primarily responsible for feeding and caring for the puppy. As the puppy starts to learn commands, be sure everyone uses the same command to not confuse the puppy.
GETTING YOUR HOUSE AND GARAGE READY
Safety first! Get down at your puppy's level and search for everything that could be potentially dangerous and for anything you don't want chewed. Also be aware of anything your puppy could jump or climb on to reach higher.
Check every room in your house plus the yard, garage and any other buildings your puppy might be able to access.
In the house:
Check behind any furniture where your puppy could hide and block it off. Block access to under beds.
Protect electrical cords, TV and computer cables and electrical outlets. It's very common for puppies to chew on wires, but it can be deadly. Don't forget about remote controls.
Keep shoes and clothing picked up or behind closed closet doors.
Place all medication and supplements inside a cupboard well out of reach of your puppy's best efforts. Those bottles might be "child proof", but they won't last long against puppy teeth.
Store all cleaning supplies in a cabinet secured with a cable or in a high cabinet that the puppy can't climb. Don't forget to put bars of soap, bottles of shampoo, makeup, razors, cotton balls, tissues, aftershave, perfume, etc out of reach.
Secure all trash containers with a puppy-proof lid or inside a cabinet.
Store decorations, candles, plug-in scented sprays out of reach or in a secured cabinet.
Store office supplies such as rubber bands, staples and paperclips in drawers or a secure cupboard.
Keep cigarettes, cigars and loose tobacco out of reach of puppies.
Check for toxic plants inside - and outside - of the house. Move them safely out of the puppy's reach. Check for plants are poisonous for dogs.
If you have cats or other pets, move the litter box where the puppy can't get to it.
Don't forget to check every closet or cubbyhole.
If there is an area that just can't be puppy proofed, use a quality baby gate and/or an exercise pen to keep him out.
Be vigilant about keeping everything put away, out of puppy's reach.
Garage and yard:
Check for holes in or under your fencing and anything your puppy could climb in, on or under.
If you have a deck, place a barrier so the puppy can't fall off or down the stairs.
Move all paint, pesticides, rodent poisons, cleaners, chemicals, bug spray, fertilizers, etc out of puppy's reach - at least five feet off the floor - or in a secured cabinet.
Store tools and power equipment out of puppy's reach.
Do the same with antifreeze, fuel and other car fluids. These may taste sweet to a puppy, but they are deadly.
If any trash cans don't have a secure lid, place the can in a secure cupboard or out of puppy's reach.
Check for plants that could be potentially toxic to your puppy using the link above. These items are also toxic:
- pit fruits such as apricots, cherries, peaches, plums and avocados
- garlic, onion and chives
- grapes and currants
- chili peppers
- lemons, limes, oranges and grapefruit
- potatoes and tomatoes
- coffee grounds and tea bags
Move or place a puppy-proof barrier around any toxic plants.
Check everything a second time a day or so before you welcome your puppy home.
Now that you've found potential trouble spots, here are some products that might help.
For some reason, puppies are attracted to power cords. They're small enough to fit in their mouths, easy to chew and potentially deadly.
Securing cabinets and other areas:
Now that your house is safe, what do you need for puppy?
Collars and leashes:
If you must add tags to your puppy's collar, tape them flat to the collar. Dangling tags can be caught in heat/AC vents, openings in crates and many other narrow openings. When that happens dogs will often fight against it and may twist to the point of strangulation.
Also, if you have more than one dog and they like to play - especially if they grab each other by the neck - remove the collars. Too many dogs have died of strangulation when they caught their lower jaw in another dog's collar. Both will struggle and twist. And it happens fast. I had it happen. Both dogs wore quick-release collars, but one twist and one dog was choking while the other dog fought to get free. Had I not been 15 feet away when it happened, at least one dog would probably have died. My dogs no longer wear collars except when competing, however they are all microchipped.
Unless you have a short nose dog like a Pug or a dog with a slender head like a Greyhound, avoid using a harness. Harnesses can be hard to fit and a poorly-fitted harness can cause chafing or allow the dog to slip out. It should also be taken off when the dog doesn't need to be on leash.
Avoid retractable leashes - "flexi-leads" - especially for puppies. More accidents seem to happen with these leashes. Even a small dog running toward an attraction can hit the end of the cord and snap the clasp or collar. When that happens the cord will quickly retract and possibly hit you or bystanders causing "broken teeth, due to the collar or metal clasp breaking and swinging back into your face." Grabbing the cord or having it wrap around a hand or leg can lead to deep cuts and even amputation.
This is a better option than a flexi-lead. It adjusts to 3 lengths: 4, 5 and 7-1/2 feet. Clip it around your chest, waist or shoulder to free your hands. It's available in a variety of colors.
I have some of these bowls. They're almost indestructible, dishwasher safe and don't move around like regular stainless steel bowls.
Another option if you have a fast eater is this slow feeder bowl. There are several design, color and size choices.
Reasonably priced washable dog beds, sized to fit in crates. Medium for puppies and smaller Labs 30x20x3". Large for an adult Lab 36x24x3". Extra Large for a big, adult male Lab 48x24x3".
Probably best to wait on introducing a quality dog bed until your puppy is house-trained and past the teething stage. Otherwise these are outstanding dog beds.
Best Friends by Sheri The Original Calming Donut Cat and Dog Bed in Shag Fur Taupe, Extra Large 45x45 - big enough for adult dog
This is my go-to brush for Labs. It's great for removing dirt and dead hair and the dogs love the attention.
If your dog grows a thicker coat than the Zoom Groom can get through, this rake can go deeper to remove dead hair. Just use it gently.
For young puppies you can use fingernail clippers to just cut the sharp hook off the end of each nail. Remember to do this every couple of weeks. Be careful of cutting too deep and making the nail bleed. As your puppy matures, switch to a dog nail clipper.
For some dogs who have learned to fear nail trimming, here is a smooth and quiet clipper.
The cleanest teeth I've ever seen belonged to dogs fed a raw meat and bones diet. This is likely due to the chewing involved, but also because of the enzymes in the meat. Another option is brushing their teeth with an enzymatic toothpaste.
Don't skip crate training! It makes house training easier and will help in an emergency, such as a fire, tornado or flooding especially if you have to transport your dog or place him in a boarding kennel.
For a puppy, set up a wire crate with the divider panel positioned so he can stand up, lie down, turn around, and stretch. Don't make it any bigger because he will likely potty in one end and sleep in the other. Gradually move the divider to give the puppy more space as he grows.
To help with crate training, place the crate close enough so the puppy can see you, but not in a busy area. Watch for when he's starting to tire and place him in the crate so there's less resistance. Add a puppy blanket and a toy in the crate with him.
You can get a plastic airline-type crate instead, but they don't generally have a divider. Instead you will have to block off part of a bigger crate or buy a few crates in different sizes. There are generally used ones for sale on Craigslist and Facebook Marketplace, just be sure to clean a used crate well.
For people who cannot take their new puppy out to potty every 2-3 hours, you can set up an area with access to the outside or to a litter box or doggy lawn. Surround the area with an exercise pen and clip it to a crate to help keep it from moving around. Or use a baby gate to partition a room.
This is an excellent exercise pen for occasional use such as while traveling or attending competitions. However it's probably not suitable for a puppy without supervision as it can be tipped over. It folds to about 24 x 30 x 3"
After a bit of training, this pen could be used for a puppy left alone for awhile. It is made of heavier construction with additional features:
- automatic gravity lock design ensures you can open and close the door smoothly and reduce the chance of your dog unlocking it
- Muffler Tube installed on the rings can minimize any noise caused by the rattling of the rods or panels
- Anti-slip silicone pads installed on the stakes and the bottom of the panels provide friction to reduce the possibility of the pen being pushed down and can prevent the stakes from scratching your floors
Here's a waterproof tarp for under an exercise pen - indoors or outdoors.
Puppies seem to like these grass mats more than pee pads, however they require cleaning while the pee pads can be thrown away.
Time-tested style of pooper scooper. Metal. Requires two hands - one to hold the tray and one to use the scraper or rake.
Newer style with one-handed operation and spring-loaded clam shell pickup. Handle folds in half.
TREATS & TOYS
First off, here are several treats and toys to avoid:
- Rope toys can be dangerous - if they're too small, the dog might swallow it whole, ropes labeled as indestructible or cotton-blend likely contain indigestible nylon and/or polyester and, unlike other things puppies might swallow, long strands of rope can get tangled in your dog's stomach or intestines.
- Toys small enough to get stuck in their throat are a choking hazard.
- Rawhide treats are not digestible and, if your dog swallows a large piece whole it could cause choking or an obstruction. Also they are often coated with toxic chemicals.
- Cooked bones are usually very hard and brittle. They can cause a broken tooth, cuts or obstructions in the dog's mouth, throat and digestive system, and round bones can get stuck around the lower jaw.
- Although some people swear by Greenies, they do pose a risk of intestinal blockage and possible death despite the claim of being "highly digestible." Instead you might try a single-ingredient chew such as pig, cow or lamb ears, duck or chicken feet, beef trachea or tendon or bullysticks. Because of their natural origins, you may want to give them as outdoor treats.
- Avoid tennis balls as the fuzz will wear down teeth, they can get stuck in your dog's throat and strong chewers may swallow the fuzz and/or parts of a split ball which can lead to an obstruction. It's better to give your dog a ball specifically designed for dogs and big enough to prevent a choking hazard.
Here are a few treats and chews we like:
Several years ago, factories in China added wheat gluten adulterated with melamine to pet food and treats as a cheap way to boost the protein percent. Many animals died after eating these foods. Since then other products from China, including milk, ice cream and canned coffee drinks, have tested positive for melamine. It's probably best to avoid any food products made in China.
For other things to avoid, check out People Foods Dogs Shouldn't Eat.
We feed Dynamite Super Premium dog food.
From their website at DynamiteSpecialty.com:
"A superior kibble free of the common allergens corn and wheat is made with fresh, hand-trimmed USDA chicken. It also contains chicken cartilage that is rich in natural glucosamine. On top of that our Super Premium contains prebiotics and probiotics to aid digestion.
"Made with minimal processing to help preserve the natural goodness of the ingredients, our small-batch recipe is not baked. Instead, we use state-of-the-art technology that utilizes a low-temperature, high-moisture extrusion. This method assures all starch is cooked and minimal damage occurs to the proteins."
We also give DynaPro:
"Canine health depends on a thriving population of beneficial gut microbes. Factors such as stress, diet changes, chemical wormers, vaccinations, and antibiotics will cause a dog's gut to become an unfriendly environment and will force microbes to go dormant. Dyna Pro is designed to create the ideal conditions for good microbes to come out of dormancy, multiply, and thrive so your dog gets optimal utilization of food and supplements, resulting in a vibrant animal!"
An alternative food is Purina Pro Plan High Protein Puppy Food.
Kasa Indoor Pan/Tilt Smart Security Camera, 1080p HD Dog Camera 2.4GHz with Night Vision, Motion Detection for Baby and Pet Monitor, Cloud & SD Card Storage, Works with Alexa & Google Home (EC70)
Petcube Cam Indoor Wi-Fi Pet and Security Camera with Phone App, Pet Monitor with 2-Way Audio and Video, Night Vision, 1080p HD Video and Smart Alerts for Ultimate Home Security
BRINGING PUPPY HOME
Take a towel or a small blanket to wrap puppy in for the drive home. Also a roll of paper towels, a plastic bag and a spray cleaner for any accidents on the way.
Take puppy's new collar and leash. Buy them before going to pick up your puppy. You shouldn't be taking him into any stores or to any parks or other public places until he has at least his second set of vaccines. Check with the breeder for correct size.
Put out a fresh bowl of water. Feed your puppy three times a day for the first couple of months. Pick up the food bowl after 15 minutes, whether he's finished eating or not. Allowing your puppy to nibble any time of day will start a bad habit. One cup of food at each meal should be about the right amount for a Labrador or similar size dog. Check with your breeder if you have questions.
Keep the toilet lid closed if you use any cleaners.
Don't use a flea collar, sprays or any other pesticides except on your veterinarian's advice and preferably not until your puppy is at least four months old.
Don't have other dogs over to meet your puppy until his vaccinations are completed.
Lastly, be sure to have your veterinarian's phone number posted by the phone!